This Article will show you how to setup a home network for beginners
In today’s world every home needs a local network and internet connection. Local network or home network is how all your devices such as Smart TV’s, laptops, Mac’s, PC’s, phones, tablets, etc. Connect to each other as well as the internet. In this tutorial you will be able to setup your home network and connect it to the internet.
Things you will need:
- Ethernet Cables
- High Speed Router/WiFi
You will need to choose an Internet Service Provider also known as (ISP). Depending on which ISP you choose they may provide and install this for you. If you choose to provide your own modem here is a suggestion:
Choosing Internet Speed from you ISP
Internet speed is looking at the bandwidth that is measured in megabits per second. You use this to show the maximum rate you are downloading data from the internet to your device. You will need to look at what you do at home and calculate how much Mbps
Here is a chart to help determine
|If you are doing…||Then you will need….|
|General web surfing, email, social media||1Mbps|
|Online Gaming||1-3 Mbps|
|Video streaming||3-4 Mbps|
|High Definition video streaming||5-8 Mbps|
|Large file downloading||50+ Mbps|
You will need to decide on how you want to connect your devices to the local network either wired or wireless. Where your cable modem is in your home will determine how your devices will connect to the local network.
Depending on the type of devices you have you may have a mixture of wired and wireless connections
Advantages and Disadvantages of wired vs wireless
Wired connects is when you have ethernet connected directly to the device
The Advantage of wired connection:
- Getting a faster speed usually between 100Mbps to 10Gbps.
The Disadvantage to wired connection:
- Having to deal with cables
- Not all devices have an ethernet port such as tablets and smartphones
Wireless connection is having no connection
The Advantage of wireless connection:
- Best thing about wireless is no cables
The Disadvantage of wireless connection:
- Depending on your access point connection will not be as reliable
- Not as fast as wired connection
Home network structure
Here is a diagram of what you will need for a typical home network:
Once you decide on how you want to build your network you will need a Router and depending on your budget you can get them as separate devices or an all-in-one device.
Suggestion from Amazon:
Power off broadband modem
Connect the power adapter to the wireless router
You will connect ethernet cable from Modem to internet WAN port on the back of your router.
Power on both Modem and router
Take a laptop or computer connect Ethernet cable to the NIC from the device to the LAN port 1 on the back of the router.
Then go to the default gateway
To do this you will need to open an internet browser and enter this gateway that will be given to you by the manufacture for example you will enter http://192.168.0.1 for most D-Link and Netgear routers.
Once you log into the router using a default username and password, from there you can setup wifi by creating a SSID and giving it a strong password.